Table of Contents

    React vs React Native

    • March 19, 2024
    • 6 min

    Businesses get confused when it comes to choosing a technology. With the availability of various technologies for app development, it becomes crucial to have an idea of each of them to launch a successful app. Thus, in this post on React vs React Native, we will go through all the important features of both the technology and its differentiation in detail.

    React vs React Native – Basic Differentiation

    Meta built two frameworks, React and React Native, although they target distinct platforms and have different uses. Here’s how React vs React Native differs fundamentally:


    • React: React is a JavaScript library that is mostly employed in the development of online application user interfaces. Its main goal is to create browser-based single-page, multi-page, and web apps.
    • React Native: This framework is used to create mobile apps for the Android and iOS operating systems. It enables developers to leverage JavaScript and React components to create native mobile applications based on React concepts.



    • React: Creates web browser user interfaces with HTML (or JSX) and CSS. It builds modular and reusable user interface elements by utilizing components.
    • React Native: UIView for iOS and Android Views are examples of native components used by React Native to build user interfaces. The UI is described in JavaScript using React components, while native components are used to render them.



    • React: Offers web apps excellent speed by making use of the virtual DOM to facilitate quick updates and rendering.
    • React Native: Renders user interface elements using native components and APIs, giving mobile apps near-native performance.


    Development Methodology:

    • React: With React, alterations to the user interface are first made to a virtual representation of the DOM and then applied to the real DOM. This enhances performance and optimizes updates.
    • React Native: Uses a bridge to facilitate communication between native platform code and JavaScript code. With JavaScript, developers can write most of the code and yet use native components and APIs.

    React vs React Native – Advantages

    react js vs react native<br />

    The advantages of React are as follows:

    • Quick Learning: It becomes easy to learn React with the help of various online materials like video tutorials, guides, documentation, etc. Developers who have hands-on experience with JavaScript can learn React more quickly. 
    • Virtual DOM: Virtual DOM is another incredible feature that improves speed. It guarantees that the lightweight replica of the original DOM is maintained. This helps to improve efficiency and usability.
    • Reusable components: React developer is able to reuse a variety of components when developing an application. Every element provides its own functionality and rendering. And this logic may be utilized as needed. This feature allows for speedier app development.


    The advantages of React Native are as follows:

    • Easy to learn: React Native is built on the foundation of JavaScript. Thus, the learning curve is easy. This provides the same app development experience but with more iterations and freedom. It also boosts developers’ skills and ability to create mobile applications.
    • Code Reusability: With React Native, code can be shared between iOS and Android platforms, including data manipulation, and certain UI components. This promotes code reusability and consistency across different platforms, leading to faster development cycles and easier maintenance.
    • Hot Reloading: React Native comes with built-in support for hot reloading and live reloading, which allows developers to see the changes they make to the code instantly reflected in the running application without the need to recompile or restart the application. 


    Thus, in the conclusion of advantages of React JS vs React Native, React Native provides these benefits for developing mobile apps whereas React is still the go-to option for developing web applications because it has its own advantages as well, like a larger ecosystem of web development-specific libraries and tools, improved web application performance, and simpler integration with already-existing web projects.

    React vs React Native – Disadvantages

    • React: Setting up and configuring a React project can be complex, especially for beginners. There are various tools and libraries like Babel, Webpack, and ESLint that need to be configured correctly for a smooth development experience. Furthermore, React applications often require writing boilerplate code for features like state management, routing, and server-side rendering. React applications may experience performance overhead due to the use of virtual DOM reconciliation, especially in applications with complex UIs. Careful optimization and performance monitoring are necessary to ensure smooth user experiences.
    • React Native: Although React Native offers near-native performance, performance can vary between different devices and OS versions. While React Native has a growing community and ecosystem, it may not be as extensive as that of React for web development. Additionally, it provides access to a wide range of native APIs, but there may still be limitations in accessing certain low-level or niche platform features. 


    Overall, React vs React Native offers powerful tools for building web and mobile applications. Developers should be aware of these disadvantages and consider them when choosing the appropriate framework for their projects.


    To sum up, Meta handles the robust frameworks React and React Native for creating online and mobile applications, respectively. With its virtual DOM and component-based design, React excels at creating dynamic web interfaces. However, React Native offers a more efficient way to create native applications for the iOS and Android platforms using JavaScript and React concepts.

    Every framework has advantages and disadvantages and serves a variety of purposes in the field of application development. When deciding between React JS vs React Native, businesses and developers should carefully consider their project needs, preferred platforms, and development goals. They may guarantee the achievement of their application attempts by making well-informed judgments by being aware of the distinctive qualities and factors of each framework.


    Which framework is better for web development, React, or React Native?

    React is specifically designed for web development, offering a rich set of tools and libraries for building dynamic user interfaces in web applications. React Native, on the other hand, is tailored for mobile application development. Therefore, React is the preferred choice for web development projects.

    Can I use React for mobile app development?

    While React can be used for mobile app development, it’s not optimized for native mobile app development like React Native. Using React for mobile app development may require additional tools and libraries to bridge the gap between web technologies and native mobile platforms.

    Is React Native suitable for building complex mobile applications?

    Yes, React Native is suitable for building complex mobile applications, thanks to its ability to access native APIs, handle navigation, manage state, and integrate with third-party libraries. However, developers should be aware of performance considerations and platform-specific limitations when building complex applications.

    What are some alternatives to React and React Native?

    Some alternatives to React for web development include Angular, Vue.js, and Svelte. For mobile app development, alternatives to React Native include Flutter (by Google), Xamarin (by Microsoft), and NativeScript.

    Which framework has a larger community and ecosystem, React, or React Native?

    React has a larger and more mature community and ecosystem compared to React Native, primarily due to its longer presence in the web development landscape. However, both frameworks have active communities and extensive ecosystems of libraries, tools, and resources to support developers.

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